Loss of leukemogenicity caused by mutations in the membrane glycoprotein structural gene of Friend spleen focus-forming virus.

M. Ruta, R. Bestwick, C. Machida, D. Kabat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Friend virus infection of mice causes progressive leukemogenesis--a rapid splenic erythroblastosis that develops weeks later into a disseminating erythroleukemia. Furthermore, the replication-defective Friend spleen focus-forming virus (F-SFFV) encodes a membrane glycoprotein with an apparent Mr of 55,000 (designated gp55), which is structurally and immunologically related to the membrane envelope glycoproteins of dual tropic murine leukemia viruses. We now have isolated three spontaneous F-SFFV mutants that encode abnormally sized gp55-related glycoproteins with apparent Mrs of 40,000, 54,000, and 58,000, respectively. RNA blot and Southern blot analyses indicate that the mutant nucleic acids do not have substantial deletions or insertions in their glycoprotein gene regions. Protein fragmentation patterns indicate that the mutations affect nonoverlapping domains of the glycoprotein. Furthermore, these mutant glycoproteins seem to be defective in their processing to the plasma membranes. Although transmitted efficiently between cultured cells, the mutants have dramatically reduced leukemogenicities compared with the same titers of wild-type F-SFFV. We conclude that the gp55 structural gene is necessary for initiating the erythroblast proliferative phase of Friend disease and that changes in membranes can be primary causes rather than only secondary consequences of tumor progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4704-4708
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume80
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1983

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