Light treatment for sleep disorders: consensus report. I. Chronology of seminal studies in humans.

S. S. Campbell, C. I. Eastman, M. Terman, Alfred Lewy, Z. Boulos, D. J. Dijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Examination of the influence of the light-dark cycle on circadian rhythmicity has been a fundamental aspect of chronobiology since its inception as a scientific discipline. Beginning with Bünning's hypothetical phase response curve in 1936, the impact of timed light exposure on circadian rhythms of literally hundreds of species has been described. The view that the light-dark cycle was an important zeitgeber for the human circadian system, as well, seemed to be supported by early studies of blind and sighted subjects. Yet, by the early 1970s, based primarily on a series of studies conducted at Erling-Andechs, Germany, the notion became widely accepted that the light-dark cycle had only a weak influence on the human circadian system and that social cues played a more important role in entrainment. In 1980, investigators at the National Institute of Mental Health reported that bright light could suppress melatonin production in humans, thereby demonstrating unequivocally the powerful effects of light on the human central nervous system. This finding led directly to the use of timed bright light exposure as a tool for the study and treatment of human circadian rhythms disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-109
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Rhythms
Volume10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1995

Fingerprint

Chronology
Consensus
Photoperiod
Light
photoperiod
circadian rhythm
Chronobiology Disorders
National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
mental health
melatonin
Periodicity
Melatonin
Circadian Rhythm
central nervous system
Cues
Germany
Central Nervous System
Research Personnel
Sleep Wake Disorders
sleep disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Campbell, S. S., Eastman, C. I., Terman, M., Lewy, A., Boulos, Z., & Dijk, D. J. (1995). Light treatment for sleep disorders: consensus report. I. Chronology of seminal studies in humans. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 10(2), 105-109.

Light treatment for sleep disorders : consensus report. I. Chronology of seminal studies in humans. / Campbell, S. S.; Eastman, C. I.; Terman, M.; Lewy, Alfred; Boulos, Z.; Dijk, D. J.

In: Journal of Biological Rhythms, Vol. 10, No. 2, 06.1995, p. 105-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Campbell, SS, Eastman, CI, Terman, M, Lewy, A, Boulos, Z & Dijk, DJ 1995, 'Light treatment for sleep disorders: consensus report. I. Chronology of seminal studies in humans.', Journal of Biological Rhythms, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 105-109.
Campbell SS, Eastman CI, Terman M, Lewy A, Boulos Z, Dijk DJ. Light treatment for sleep disorders: consensus report. I. Chronology of seminal studies in humans. Journal of Biological Rhythms. 1995 Jun;10(2):105-109.
Campbell, S. S. ; Eastman, C. I. ; Terman, M. ; Lewy, Alfred ; Boulos, Z. ; Dijk, D. J. / Light treatment for sleep disorders : consensus report. I. Chronology of seminal studies in humans. In: Journal of Biological Rhythms. 1995 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 105-109.
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