Life stress, social support, and emotional disequilibrium in complications of pregnancy: A prospective, multivariate study

J. S. Norbeck, V. P. Tilden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

292 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study used a multivariate approach to determine the effects of selected psychosocial variables on pregnancy complications in a naturally-occurring population of medically-normal women from various racial, marital, and socioeconomic groups. Pregnant women between 12 and 20 weeks' gestation (N=117) were tested with standardized instruments that measured life stress; social support; and the emotion-state variables of anxiety, depression, and self-esteem. Life stress during pregnancy was measured in the last prenatal month. Outcome was determined by postpartum chart review. Life stress and social support (emotional) were significantly related to emotional disequilibrium. Significant main effects were found for life stress (prior year) on overall and gestation complications and for emotional disequilibrium on infant-condition complications. A significant interaction of life stress (during pregnancy) and social support (tangible) was found for all three types of complications, but not for overall pregnancy complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-46
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Health and Social Behavior
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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