Late gastrointestinal hemorrhage after gastric bypass

Scott C. Braley, Ninh T. Nguyen, Bruce M. Wolfe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hemorrhage from the excluded gastric segment or duodenum after gastric bypass is an uncommon late complication and poses both diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. We describe 4 cases of late gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage after gastric bypass. Methods: 4 patients who underwent previous Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) presented for management of severe GI hemorrhage. Their history, diagnostic work-up, management, and surgical pathology are reviewed. Results: In all 4 patients, preoperative diagnostic evaluation including nuclear scintigraphy, endoscopy, and angiography failed to localize the source of bleeding. Intraoperative endoscopy of the gastric remnant and subtotal gastrectomy were performed in all 4 patients. The mean time interval between RYGBP operation and gastrectomy was 15.5 years (range 13-17 years). In 3 of 4 patients, the source of bleeding was documented on pathologic examination of the resected gastric remnant and duodenum. At a mean follow-up of 15 months, none of the patients developed recurrent GI hemorrhage. Conclusion: GI hemorrhage after RYGBP can be a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. Intraoperative endoscopy of the excluded stomach and subtotal gastrectomy should be considered when the source of bleeding is not identified by conventional diagnostic techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-407
Number of pages4
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

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Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Gastrectomy
  • Gastric bypass
  • Hemorrhage
  • Morbid obesity
  • Ulcer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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