Is bulimia nervosa increasing in frequency?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess whether or not claims of an increase in the incidence of bulimic disorders are empirically justified. Method: Review of the epidemiological data informative to gauge time trends: Studies based on hospital records or registers, community surveys of bulimic disorders, questionnaire-based investigations. Results: Epidemiological studies conducted since 1980 do not show an upward trend in rates. Reports of increased rates among recent birth cohorts were unreliable and did not control for con founding comorbid disorders. Changes in diagnostic and referral practices are likely to account for higher numbers of patients seen in specialized treatment centers. Discussion: Although based on a limited number of studies, the empirical evidence does not support secular changes in the incidence of bulimic disorders. In keeping with this conservative conclusion, it is noted that high rates of dieting and body dissatisfaction were already reported 30 years ago among adolescent girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-296
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bulimia Nervosa
Epidemiologic Methods
incidence
dieting
Hospital Records
Incidence
gauges
epidemiological studies
Epidemiologic Studies
Referral and Consultation
questionnaires
Parturition
Surveys and Questionnaires
bulimia nervosa
Therapeutics
methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Food Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Is bulimia nervosa increasing in frequency? / Fombonne, Eric.

In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1996, p. 287-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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