Interphase cytogenetics of melanocytic neoplasms: numerical aberrations of chromosomes can be detected in interphase nuclei using centromeric DNA probes

M. Matsuta, M. Matsuta, S. Kon, C. Thompson, P. E. LeBoit, H. ‐U Weier, J. W. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study shows that fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to thin sections cut from paraffin‐embedded material can lie used to distinguish between groups of melanocytic neoplasms and thus may be useful as an investigational and diagnostic tool. FISH with a probe for a repealed, alpha satellite sequence specific to chromosome 17 was used to investigate the chromosomal composition of dysplastic (or Clark's nevus) and Spitz's nevi and malignant melanomas. Hybridization was to thin (∼6 μm) sections cut from paraffin blocks. The number of signals per nucleus in normal diploid cells is expected to be less than 2 since the sections are thinner than one nuclear diameter. Keratinocytes and lymphocytes m these same sections showed 1–2 signals per nucleus with a mean of 1.2. Dysplastic nevi showed 1–4 hybridization signals per nucleus with a mean of 1.5. Spitz's nevi showed 1–2 signals per nucleus with a mean of 1.3. Melanomas showed 1–6 signals per nucleus with a mean of 2.1. We were thus able to use FISH to demonstrate differences in chromosome numbers between groups of benign and malignant melanocytic neoplasms. Technical improvements in the near future can be expected lo result in more precise estimates of chromosomal number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cutaneous pathology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Dermatology

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