Interactions within and between parallel parietal-frontal networks involved in complex motor behaviors in prosimian galagos and a squirrel monkey

Iwona Stepniewska, Robert M. Friedman, Daniel J. Miller, Jon H. Kaas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long-train intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) of motor (M1) and posterior parietal cortices (PPC) in primates reveals cortical domains for different ethologically relevant behaviors. How functional domains interact with each other in producing motor behaviors is not known. In this study, we tested our hypothesis that matching domains interact to produce a specific complex movement, whereas connections between nonmatching domains are involved in suppression of conflicting motor outputs to prevent competing movements. In anesthetized galagos, we used 500-ms trains of ICMS to evoke complex movements from a functional domain in M1 or PPC while simultaneously stimulating another mismatched or matched domain. We considered movements of different and similar directions evoked from chosen cortical sites distant or close to each other. Their trajectories and speeds were analyzed and compared with those evoked by simultaneous stimulation. Stimulation of two sites evoking same or complementary movements produced a similar but more pronounced movement or a combined movement, respectively. Stimulation of two sites representing movements of different directions resulted in partial or total suppression of one of these movements. Thus interactions between domains in M1 and PPC were additive when they were functionally matched across fields or antagonistic between functionally conflicting domains, especially in PPC, suggesting that mismatched domains are involved in mutual suppression. Simultaneous stimulation of unrelated domains (forelimb and face) produced both movements independently. Movements produced by the simultaneous stimulation of sites in domains of two cerebral hemispheres were largely independent, but some interactions were observed. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Long trains of electrical pulses applied simultaneously to two sites in motor cortical areas (M1, PPC) have shown that interactions of functionally matched domains (evoking similar movements) within these areas were additive to produce a specific complex movement. Interactions between functionally mismatched domains (evoking different movements) were mostly antagonistic, suggesting their involvement in mutual suppression of conflicting motor outputs to prevent competing movements. Simultaneous stimulation of unrelated domains (forelimb and face) produced both movements independently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-56
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of neurophysiology
Volume123
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Complex movements
  • Microstimulation
  • Motor cortex
  • Posterior parietal cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

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