Interaction in vitro of the product of the c-Crk-II proto-oncogene with the insulin-like growth factor I receptor

Anatolii P. Koval, Vicky A. Blakesley, Charles T. Roberts, Yehiel Zick, Derek LeRoith

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    33 Scopus citations


    The Crk proto-oncogene product is an SH2 and SH3 domain-containing adaptor protein. We have previously demonstrated that Crk-II becomes rapidly tyrosine-phosphorylated in response to stimulation with insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and might be involved in the IGF-I receptor signalling pathway. To determine whether this involvement includes the direct interaction of Crk-II with the cytoplasmic region of the receptor, studies were performed in vitro with glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion proteins containing various domains of Crk-II. The kinase assay in vitro showed that activated IGF-I receptors efficiently phosphorylated the GST-Crk-II fusion protein. This phosphorylation was dependent on the presence of the SH2 domain and Tyr-221 located in the spacer region between the two SH3 domains. Mutation of Tyr-221 not only prevented phosphorylation of GST-Crk in vitro, but also significantly increased the ability of GST-Crk proteins to co-precipitate activated IGF-I receptors from total cell lysates. Additional binding experiments in vitro showed that Crk-II might interact with the phosphorylated IGF-I receptor through its SH2 domain. To elucidate which region of the IGF-I receptor interacts with Crk-II, a peptide association assay was used in vitro. Different domains of the IGF-I receptor were expressed as (His)6-tagged fusion peptides, phosphorylated with activated wheat germ agglutinin-purified IGF-I receptors and tested for association with GST-Crk-II fusion proteins. Using wild-type as well as mutated peptides, we showed that the SH2 domain of Crk-II preferentially binds the peptide encoding the juxtamembrane region of the IGF-I receptor. Phosphorylation of Tyr-950 and Tyr-943 of the receptor is important for this interaction. These findings allow us to propose a model of direct interaction of Crk-II and the IGF-I receptor in vivo. On activation of the IGF-I receptor, Crk-II binds to phosphorylated tyrosine residues, especially in the juxtamembrane region. As a result of this binding, the IGF-I receptor kinase phosphorylates Tyr-221 of Crk-II, resulting in a change in intramolecular folding and binding of the SH2 domain to the phosphorylated Tyr-221, which causes rapid disassociation of the Crk-II-IGF-I receptor complex.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)923-932
    Number of pages10
    JournalBiochemical Journal
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Mar 1 1998

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology


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