Inhibitory interactions between two inward rectifier K+ channel subunits mediated by the transmembrane domains

Stephen J. Tucker, Chris T. Bond, Paco Herson, Mauro Pessia, John P. Adelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inwardly rectifying K+ channel subunits may form homomeric or heteromeric channels with distinct functional properties. Hyperpolarizing commands delivered to Xenopus oocytes expressing homomeric K(ir) 4.1 channels evoke inwardly rectifying K+ currents which activate rapidly and undergo a pronounced decay at more hyperpolarized potentials. In addition, K(ir) 4.1 subunits form heteromeric channels when coexpressed with several other inward rectifier subunits. However, coexpression of K(ir) 4.1 with K(ir) 3.4 causes an inhibition of the K(ir) 4.1 current. We have investigated this inhibitory effect and show that it is mediated by interactions between the predicted transmembrane domains of the two subunit classes. Other subunits within the K(ir) 3.0 family also exhibit this inhibitory effect which can be used to define subgroups of the inward rectifier family. Further, the mechanism of inhibition is likely due to the formation of an 'inviable complex' which becomes degraded, rather than by formation of stable nonconductive heteromeric channels. These results provide insight into the assembly and regulation of inwardly rectifying K+ channels and the domains which define their interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5866-5870
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 8 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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