Influence of interpersonal traits on patient outcomes in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis

Joshua M. Levy, Jess C. Mace, Timothy Smith, Zachary M. Soler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) measure health states in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and have become the dominant metrics of treatment outcomes. Interpersonal traits (IPTs) are patient-specific factors that include personality type, perceived social support, and trust in physicians. The association of IPTs on treatment outcomes among patients with CRS has not been described previously, and IPTs may represent major clinical factors influencing treatment outcomes. Methods: Adult patients electing medical or surgical treatment for recalcitrant CRS were prospectively enrolled into a multi-institutional, observational outcomes study. Validated measures of IPTs, including the Big Five Inventory-10 Short Version (BFI-10), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), and the Trust in Physician Scale (TPS), were completed and compared with PROMs, which included the 22-item SinoNasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-6D (SF-6D), and the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2). Results: Three hundred fifty-four participants were included and followed for an average (± standard deviation) of 16.3 (±4.8) months. Significant within-subject improvement in mean PROM scores was reported (all p <0.001). No association was detected between PROM score improvement and baseline BFI-10 or MSPSS scores (p > 0.050). Significant, but weak, absolute correlations were reported between baseline TPS scores and improvement in SNOT-22, SF-6D, and PHQ-2 total scores (p < 0.050; r ≤ 0.138). Conclusion: Personality type and perceived social support do not associate with improvement after treatment for CRS. However, increased trust in physicians is weakly associated with greater posttreatment improvement. Further study is needed to examine the relationship between physician trust, patient satisfaction, and treatment outcomes among patients with CRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Keywords

  • Chronic disease
  • Endoscopy
  • Patient outcome assessment
  • Personality
  • Sinusitis
  • Sociological factors
  • Trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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