Influence of climatic factors on the medical attentions of dermatologic diseases in a hospital of Lima, Peru

Ericson L. Gutierrez, Willy Ramos, María E. Smith, Carlos Galarza, Maybbe Mendoza, Alex Ortega Loayza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Significant associations have been described between climatic factors and human health, which can occur in dermatologic diseases too. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of the climatic factors on the medical attentions of dermatologic diseases in a general hospital in Lima (Peru). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational study which was carried out in a national hospital between January 2004 and December 2007. The diagnoses were classified according to the ICD-10 system. The climate information was provided by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration from USA (NOAA). RESULTS: 3 294 patients were included in the study, the average age was 35.4 ± 20.7 years old, and 53.2% were females. The "El Niño" phenomenon was associated with an increase in the prevalence of actinic keratosis (p=0.002), viral warts (p=0.001) and rosacea (p=0.014). The "La Niña" phenomenon was associated with a reduction in viral warts (p=0.026). Spring was associated with an increase of dermatitis (p=0.003), and summer was associated with an increase of benign neoplasms (p=0.049). CONCLUSION: The climatic variations influenced the occurrence of certain dermatologic diseases. The present study may represent an orientation guide to specialists and general practitioners identifying the most common dermatologic diagnoses and thus enabling better preparation to treat these cases in determined seasons of the year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-468
Number of pages8
JournalAnais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Volume85
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Peru
Warts
Rosacea
Actinic Keratosis
International Classification of Diseases
Dermatitis
Climate
General Hospitals
General Practitioners
Observational Studies
Health
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • El Niño
  • El Niño oscilation south
  • La Niña phenomenon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Influence of climatic factors on the medical attentions of dermatologic diseases in a hospital of Lima, Peru. / Gutierrez, Ericson L.; Ramos, Willy; Smith, María E.; Galarza, Carlos; Mendoza, Maybbe; Ortega Loayza, Alex.

In: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, Vol. 85, No. 4, 01.07.2010, p. 461-468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gutierrez, Ericson L. ; Ramos, Willy ; Smith, María E. ; Galarza, Carlos ; Mendoza, Maybbe ; Ortega Loayza, Alex. / Influence of climatic factors on the medical attentions of dermatologic diseases in a hospital of Lima, Peru. In: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia. 2010 ; Vol. 85, No. 4. pp. 461-468.
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