Infection-mediated vasoactive peptides modulate cochlear uptake of fluorescent gentamicin

Ja Won Koo, Qi Wang, Peter S. Steyger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammatory mediators released during bacterial infection include vasoactive peptides such as histamine and serotonin, and their serum levels are frequently elevated. These peptides also modulate the vascular permeability of endothelial cells lining the blood-brain and blood-labyrinth barriers (BLB). These peptides may also modulate the permeability of the BLB to ototoxic aminoglycoside antibiotics prescribed to resolve bacterial sepsis. To test this hypothesis, we compared the effect of histamine and serotonin on the cochlear distribution of fluorescently conjugated gentamicin (GTTR) in control animals at 0.5, 1 and 3 h after injection of GTTR. The intensity of GTTR fluorescence was attenuated at 1 h in the histamine group compared to control mice, and more intense 3 h after injection (p < 0.05). In the serotonin group, the intensity of GTTR fluorescence was attenuated at 0.5 and 1 h (p < 0.05) and was increased at 3 h compared to control animals, where GTTR intensities peaked at 1 h and then plateaued or was slightly decreased at 3 h. This biphasic pattern of modulation was statistically significant in the apical turn of the cochlea. No difference in the intensity of GTTR fluorescence was observed in kidney proximal tubules. Systemic increases in serum levels of vasoactive peptides can modulate cochlear uptake of gentamicin, likely via permeability changes in the BLB. Conditions that influence serum levels of vasoactive peptides may potentiate aminoglycoside ototoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-358
Number of pages12
JournalAudiology and Neurotology
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Aminoglycosides
  • Blood-labyrinth barrier
  • Gentamicin
  • Histamine
  • Ototoxicity
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Speech and Hearing

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