Infant vision and retinal function in studies of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: Methods, results, and implications

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    103 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Animal and human studies have documented several effects of different dietary and tissue concentrations of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) on retinal function and vision. The enhanced Visual development associated with increased intakes of LCPUFAs, particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), provides the strongest evidence for the importance of these fatty acids in infant nutrition. The 2 primary visual measures used to assess the efficacy of infant formula LCPUFA supplementation are the electroretinogram and visual acuity. This review briefly describes the methodology, neural basis, and interpretation of these measures, as well as other measures of visual development that may be used to extend the functional evaluation of infants fed formulas with different fatty acid compositions.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
    Volume71
    Issue number1 SUPPL.
    StatePublished - Jan 2000

    Fingerprint

    long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
    diet study techniques
    Unsaturated Fatty Acids
    Infant Formula
    infant formulas
    Fatty Acids
    infant nutrition
    electroretinography
    Docosahexaenoic Acids
    docosahexaenoic acid
    Visual Acuity
    fatty acid composition
    methodology
    fatty acids
    animals

    Keywords

    • Docosahexaenoic acid
    • Electroretinogram
    • Infant nutrition
    • Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
    • n-3 fatty acids
    • Retina
    • Visual acuity
    • Visual development

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Food Science

    Cite this

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    title = "Infant vision and retinal function in studies of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: Methods, results, and implications",
    abstract = "Animal and human studies have documented several effects of different dietary and tissue concentrations of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) on retinal function and vision. The enhanced Visual development associated with increased intakes of LCPUFAs, particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), provides the strongest evidence for the importance of these fatty acids in infant nutrition. The 2 primary visual measures used to assess the efficacy of infant formula LCPUFA supplementation are the electroretinogram and visual acuity. This review briefly describes the methodology, neural basis, and interpretation of these measures, as well as other measures of visual development that may be used to extend the functional evaluation of infants fed formulas with different fatty acid compositions.",
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