Infant formula, tea, and water supplementation of Latino infants at 4-6 weeks postpartum

Janet M. Wojcicki, Katherine Holbrook, Robert H. Lustig, Aaron Caughey, Ricardo F. Muñoz, Melvin B. Heyman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months-of-age. The authors examined prevalence and risk factors for use of infant formulas, water, and teas at 4-6 weeks in Latino infants in the San Francisco Bay Area, a group at high risk for future obesity. They recruited a cohort of pregnant Latina women (N = 201). Infant dietary recall and postpartum depressive symptoms were assessed at 4-6 weeks. The authors found that 105 women (53.1%) were feeding infant formulas and 48 (25.4%) were supplementing with tea or water. Of those providing water or tea, 60.0% were providing daily supplementation. In multivariate analyses, risk for infant supplementation with water or tea was associated with postpartum depressive symptoms (relative risk, 1.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.0), cesarean delivery (relative risk, 1.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.3-2.9), and infant formula use (relative risk, 1.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-1.6). Early supplementation with water or teas and infant formulas should be discouraged in Latinos, given the high frequency observed in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-130
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Human Lactation
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Fingerprint

Infant Formula
Tea
Hispanic Americans
Postpartum Period
Water
Confidence Intervals
Depression
San Francisco
Breast Feeding
Pregnant Women
Multivariate Analysis
Obesity
Pediatrics
Population

Keywords

  • breastfeeding
  • complementary feeding
  • infant feeding
  • perinatal depression
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Infant formula, tea, and water supplementation of Latino infants at 4-6 weeks postpartum. / Wojcicki, Janet M.; Holbrook, Katherine; Lustig, Robert H.; Caughey, Aaron; Muñoz, Ricardo F.; Heyman, Melvin B.

In: Journal of Human Lactation, Vol. 27, No. 2, 05.2011, p. 122-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wojcicki, Janet M. ; Holbrook, Katherine ; Lustig, Robert H. ; Caughey, Aaron ; Muñoz, Ricardo F. ; Heyman, Melvin B. / Infant formula, tea, and water supplementation of Latino infants at 4-6 weeks postpartum. In: Journal of Human Lactation. 2011 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 122-130.
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