BRCA1 plays an important role in preventing breast cancer and is often silenced or repressed in sporadic cancer. The BRCA1 promoter is bidirectional: it drives transcription of the long non-coding (lnc) NBR2 transcript in the opposite orientation relative to the BRCA1 transcript. Hypoxic conditions repress BRCA1 transcription, but their effect on expression of the NBR2 transcript has not been reported. We used quantitative RT-PCR to measure BRCA1 and NBR2 transcript levels in 0% and 1% oxygen in MCF-7 breast cancer cells and found that NBR2 transcript levels increased as a function of time under hypoxic conditions, whereas BRCA1 mRNA levels were repressed. Hypoxic conditions were ineffective in reducing BRCA1 mRNA in the UACC-3199 breast cancer cell line, which is reported to have an epigenetically silenced BRCA1 promoter, even though appreciable levels of BRCA1 and NBR2 mRNA were detected. Significant recovery back to baseline RNA levels occurred within 48 h after the MCF-7 cells were restored to normoxic conditions. We used a construct with the 218 bp minimal BRCA1 promoter linked to marker genes to show that this minimal promoter repressed expression bidirectionally under hypoxic conditions, which suggests that the elements necessary for induction of NBR2 are located elsewhere.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis