Inactivation of DNA adenine methyltransferase alters virulence factors in Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans

H. Wu, J. E. Lippmann, J. P. Oza, M. Zeng, P. Fives-Taylor, N. O. Reich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

DNA adenine methyltransferase (DAM) plays critical roles in diverse biological pathways in gram-negative bacteria, and specifically in regulating the expression of virulence genes in several organisms. Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans plays an important role in the pathogenesis of juvenile and adult periodontal disease, yet little is known about its mechanisms of gene regulation. DAM is shown here to directly or indirectly affect well-known A. actinomycetemcomitans virulence factors. A mutant A. actinomycetemcomitans strain lacking the dam gene was created by homologous recombination and shows normal growth phenotypes when grown exponentially. This mutant strain has four sixfold increased levels of extracellular leukotoxin, altered cellular levels of leukotoxin, and significant changes in bacterial invasion of KB oral epithelial cells. These results provide a basis for further characterization of regulatory mechanisms that control A. actinomycetemcomitans virulence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalOral microbiology and immunology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
  • DNA adenine methyltransferase
  • Virulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)

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