Purpose: To evaluate the effect of dental materials on primary enamel wear. Methods: Four composites (Filtek Z250, Heliomolar, Point 4, SureFil), two compomers (Dyract AP, F2000) and a resin-modified glass-ionomer (Vitremer) were placed into box-shaped preparations in buccal surfaces of primary molars and stored for 24 hours in water at 37°C. The specimens (n = 6) were subjected to abrasive three-body wear against a primary enamel cusp. Material wear, enamel wear (adjacent to the material), and wear on enamel cusps were estimated by profilometry and video-analysis software. Results were compared with ANOVA and Tukey's tests (P< 0.05). Results: Vitremer showed the highest wear (P< 0.05), followed by Dyract AP and F2000, which were not statistically different (P> 0.05). There was no significant difference between Filtek Z250 and Dyract AP (P> 0.05). Filtek Z250, Heliomolar, Point 4 and SureFil, showed the lowest wear values and there was no difference among them (P> 0.05). The highest wear values on the enamel adjacent to the material were found with Dyract AP (P< 0.05) and the lowest next to Point 4 and SureFil (P< 0.05). There was no difference in the wear of the enamel next to Vitremer, F2000, Heliomolar and Filtek Z250 (P> 0.05). Vitremer and F2000 caused the highest wear on enamel cusps (P< 0.05), and there was no statistically significant difference (P> 0.05) between them; SureFil caused the lowest wear (P< 0.05) on the opposing enamel. There was a correlation (r= 0.85) between wear of materials and wear on the enamel cusps, but not (r= 0.53) for the wear on enamel besides the restoration and wear on enamel cusps. SEM micrographs showed different surface characteristics of the materials after the wear test.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American journal of dentistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2006|
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