Implant inclination and horizontal misfit in metallic bar framework of overdentures: Analysis by 3D-FEA method

Ricardo Armini Caldas, Carmem Silvia Costa Pfeifer, Ataís Bacchi, Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, Vagner Flávio Reginato, Rafael Leonardo Xediek Consani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate by three-dimensional finite element analysis (3D-FEA) the biomechanics involved in bar-framework system for overdentures. The studied factors were latero-lateral angulation in the right implant (-10,-5, 0, 5 and 10 degrees), and different bar cross-sections (circular, Hader and oval) presenting horizontal misfits (50 or 150 µm) on the opposite implant. Positive angulation (5 and 10 degrees) for implant inclination to mesial position, negative angulation (-5 and-10 degrees) for distal position, and zero degree for parallel implants. The von Mises stresses evaluated the bar, screw and the implant; maximum principal, minimum principal and shear stress analyses evaluated the peri-implant bone tissue. Parallel implants provide lower stress in alveolar bone tissue; mesial inclined bars showed the most negative effect on prosthetic structures and implants. In conclusion, bar cross-section showed no influence on stress distribution for peri-implant bone tissue, and circular bar provided better behavior to the prosthetic system. Higher stress concentration is provided to all system as the misfit increases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-172
Number of pages7
JournalBrazilian dental journal
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Dental implants
  • Finite element analysis
  • Misfit
  • Overdentures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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