Impact of personal and social resources on parenting stress in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder

Anat Zaidman-Zait, Pat Mirenda, Eric Duku, Tracy Vaillancourt, Isabel M. Smith, Peter Szatmari, Susan Bryson, Eric Fombonne, Joanne Volden, Charlotte Waddell, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Stelios Georgiades, Teresa Bennett, Mayada Elsabaggh, Ann Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the longitudinal associations between child behavior problems, coping strategies, social resources, and parenting stress in mothers of young children with autism spectrum disorder. Participants were 283 mothers who completed self- and child-report measures at the time of diagnosis and 2 years later. Hierarchical multiple regression was conducted to predict overall parenting stress. At diagnosis, the final model indicated that high levels of social support and mothers' use of active engaged coping strategies were associated with lower levels of parenting stress. Conversely, high levels of child externalizing behavior problems, family dysfunction, and mothers' use of disengaged coping strategies were associated with higher parenting stress. Two years later, high levels of parenting stress at diagnosis predicted increased parenting stress. In addition, high or increasing levels of social support predicted a decrease in parenting stress, while high or increasing levels of family dysfunction predicted increased stress. Finally, increased use of disengaged coping strategies and decreased use of active coping strategies over time predicted higher levels of parenting stress. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for the provision of targeted supports that are designed to enhance the personal and social resources available to mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-166
Number of pages12
JournalAutism
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorder
  • coping
  • family functioning and support
  • parenting stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Zaidman-Zait, A., Mirenda, P., Duku, E., Vaillancourt, T., Smith, I. M., Szatmari, P., Bryson, S., Fombonne, E., Volden, J., Waddell, C., Zwaigenbaum, L., Georgiades, S., Bennett, T., Elsabaggh, M., & Thompson, A. (2017). Impact of personal and social resources on parenting stress in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 21(2), 155-166. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361316633033