Immunologic memory to phosphocholine. IV. Hybridomas representative of group I (T15-like) and group II (non-T15-like) antibodies utilize distinct V(H) genes

S. P. Chang, R. M. Perlmutter, M. Brown, C. H. Heusser, L. Hood, Marvin Rittenberg

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The anti-phosphocholine (PC) memory response elicited in BALB/c mice by phosphocholine-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (PC-KLH) contains two groups of antibodies distinguished by their fine specificity for PC and p-nitrophenylphosphocholine (NPPC). Group I antibodies are inhibited by both PC and NPPC, while Group II antibodies are inhibited appreciably only by NPPC; only Group I antibodies are dominated by the T15 idiotype. Anti-PC hybridomas representative of the memory response to PC-KLH were produced to examine the variable region genes expressed by memory B cells. Two IgM hybridomas were of the Group I type, because they were inhibited by both PC and NPPC and they bound to the pneumococcus R36A. However, only one of these antibodies (PCM-2) expressed a T15 idiotope, while the other (PCM-1) did not express any of three T15 idiotopes. Despite its negative T15 idiotype profile, N-terminal amino acid sequencing of PCM-1 purified heavy chain and Southern blots of the hybridoma DNA indicated that it utilizes the T15 V(H) and J(H)1 genes. Three hybridoma, IgG1, IgM, and IgE, typical of Group II antibodies, were examined; these were negative for three T15 idiotopes and displayed measurable avidity only for NPPC in a PC-protein binding inhibition assay. These three hybridoma antibodies, like serum Group II IgG1, did not measurably bind to the bacterium R36A. The heavy chain amino termini of all three of these antibodies were inaccessible for Edman degradation. Southern blots of DNA from the IgG1 hybridoma revealed the T15 V(H) gene to be in the germ line configuration only and unassociated with any J(H) segment, indicating that this Group II antibody utilizes a V(H) gene different from the T15 family. These results signify that, whereas some diversity of the (anti-PC) memory response may be generated by somatic diversification of variable regions important in the primary response, a significant contribution to the overall heterogeneity of memory antibodies originates in the expression of additional variable region genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1550-1555
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume132
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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Chang, S. P., Perlmutter, R. M., Brown, M., Heusser, C. H., Hood, L., & Rittenberg, M. (1984). Immunologic memory to phosphocholine. IV. Hybridomas representative of group I (T15-like) and group II (non-T15-like) antibodies utilize distinct V(H) genes. Journal of Immunology, 132(3), 1550-1555.