We report a modification of the controlled tissue expansion technique, that is, immediate intraoperative tissue expansion. The procedure is performed by placing tissue expanders at the time of surgery. After placement, three to four cycles of inflation/deflation of the expander for 3 to 5 minutes are performed. In a one-stage procedure the stretched skin is then immediately used to close the surgical defect. Three case reports demonstrating the immediate intraoperative tissue expansion technique, in which the Foley catheter balloon was used as the tissue expander, are presented. These cases illustrate that this technique may allow the surgeon to cover defects more easily with less tension and with a better cosmetic result than with other closure techniques.
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