Imaging lymphoid tissues in nonhuman primates to understand SIV pathogenesis and persistence

Claire Deleage, Baris Turkbey, Jacob Estes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CD4+ T cells are the primary HIV-1 target cell, with the vast majority of these cells residing within lymphoid tissue compartments throughout the body. Predictably, HIV-1 infection, replication, localization, reservoir establishment and persistence, as well as associated host immune and inflammatory responses and disease pathology principally take place within the tissues of the immune system. By virture of the fact that the virus-host struggle is played out within lymphoid and additional tissues compartments in HIV-1 infected individuals it is critical to understand HIV-1 infection and disease within these relevant tissue sites; however, there are obvious limitations to studying these dynamic processes in humans. Nonhuman primate (NHP) research has provided a vital bridge between basic and preclinical research and clinical studies, with experimental SIV infection of NHP models offering unique opportunities to understand key processes of HIV-1 infection and disease that are either not practically feasible or ethical in HIV-1 infected humans. In this review we will discuss current approaches to studying the tissue based immunopathogenesis of AIDS virus infection in NHPs, including both analyses of tissues obtained at biopsy or necropsy and complementary non-invasive imaging approaches that may have practical utility in monitoring HIV-1 disease in the clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Virology
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Lymphoid Tissue
Primates
HIV-1
HIV Infections
Virus Diseases
Research
Immune System
HIV
Pathology
Viruses
T-Lymphocytes
Biopsy
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Cite this

Imaging lymphoid tissues in nonhuman primates to understand SIV pathogenesis and persistence. / Deleage, Claire; Turkbey, Baris; Estes, Jacob.

In: Current Opinion in Virology, Vol. 19, 01.08.2016, p. 77-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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