Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become an established treatment for medically refractory movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia. The field of DBS continues to evolve with advances in patient selection, target identification, electrode and pulse generator technology, and the development of more effective stimulation paradigms such as closed-loop stimulation. Furthermore, as the safety and efficacy of DBS improves through better hardware design and deeper understanding of its mechanisms of action, the indications for DBS will continue to expand to cover a wider range of disorders. Finally, the recent approval of MR-guided focused ultrasound for the treatment of essential tremor and potentially other movement disorders heralds a resurgence in lesion creation as a viable alternative to DBS for selected patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology