Identification of cAMP-dependent protein kinase holoenzymes in preantral- and preovulatory-follicle-enriched ovaries, and their association with A-kinase-anchoring proteins

Daniel Carr, Richard E. Cutler, Joshua E. Cottom, Lisa M. Salvador, Iain D C Fraser, John D. Scott, Mary Hunzicker-Dunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Undifferentiated cells from preantral (PA) follicles respond to high levels of cAMP in a different manner than do differentiated cells from preovulatory (PO) follicles. We hypothesized that this differential response of PA and PO cells to cAMP could be due, in part, to either a difference in the profile of isoforms that comprise the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) holoenzymes and/or a difference in the interaction of PKA with A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs). To test these hypotheses, PKA activity, PKA holoenzymes, PKA subunits and AKAPs from PA and PO ovaries were compared. Soluble PKA holoenzymes and regulatory (R) subunits were separated by DEAE-cellulose chromatography and sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation. PKA R subunits were distinguished by photoaffinity labelling, autophosphorylation, size, isoelectric point and immunoreactivity. AKAPs were identified by RII subunit overlay assays and immunoreactivity. The results showed that extracts from PA and PO ovaries exhibited equivalent PKA holoenzyme profiles and activities, characterized by low levels of PKA type I (PKAI) holoenzyme and two distinct PKAII holoenzyme peaks, one containing only RIIβ subunits (PKAIIβ) and one containing both PKAIIβ and PKAIIα holoenzymes. Both PA and PO ovarian extracts also contained PKA catalytic (C)-subunit-free RIα, while only PO ovaries exhibited C-subunit-free RIIβ. Consistent with the elevated levels of C-subunit-free RIIβ in PO cells, PKA activation in PO cells required higher concentrations of forskolin than that in PA cells. While extracts of PA and PO ovaries exhibited a number of similar AKAPs, including four prominent ones reactive with anti-AKAP-KL antisera (where AKAP-KL is an AKAP especially abundant in kidney and liver), cAMP-agarose affinity chromatography revealed two major differences in AKAP binding to purified R subunits. PO ovaries contained increased levels of AKAP80 (AKAP of 80 kDa) bound selectively to R subunits in DEAE-cellulose peak 2 (comprising PKAIIβ and RIα, but not to R subunits in DEAE-cellulose peak 3 (comprising PKAIIα, PKAIIβ and RIIβ). PO ovaries also showed increased binding of R subunits to AKAPs reactive with anti-AKAP-KL antisera at 210, 175, 150 and 115 kDa. Thus in PO ovaries, unlike in PA ovaries, the majority of AKAPs are bound to R subunits. These results suggest that altered PKA-AKAP interactions may contribute to the distinct responses of PA and PO follicles to high levels of cAMP, and that higher cAMP levels are required to activate PKA in PO ovaries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-623
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume344
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

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Holoenzymes
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Protein Kinases
Ovary
Phosphotransferases
Association reactions
Proteins
DEAE-Cellulose
Immune Sera
Affinity chromatography
Centrifugation
Colforsin
Chromatography
Liver
Sepharose
Labeling
Sucrose
Assays
Protein Isoforms

Keywords

  • AKAPs
  • cAMP
  • Granulosa cells
  • Ovarian differentiation
  • PKA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Identification of cAMP-dependent protein kinase holoenzymes in preantral- and preovulatory-follicle-enriched ovaries, and their association with A-kinase-anchoring proteins. / Carr, Daniel; Cutler, Richard E.; Cottom, Joshua E.; Salvador, Lisa M.; Fraser, Iain D C; Scott, John D.; Hunzicker-Dunn, Mary.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 344, No. 2, 01.12.1999, p. 613-623.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carr, Daniel ; Cutler, Richard E. ; Cottom, Joshua E. ; Salvador, Lisa M. ; Fraser, Iain D C ; Scott, John D. ; Hunzicker-Dunn, Mary. / Identification of cAMP-dependent protein kinase holoenzymes in preantral- and preovulatory-follicle-enriched ovaries, and their association with A-kinase-anchoring proteins. In: Biochemical Journal. 1999 ; Vol. 344, No. 2. pp. 613-623.
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AU - Cutler, Richard E.

AU - Cottom, Joshua E.

AU - Salvador, Lisa M.

AU - Fraser, Iain D C

AU - Scott, John D.

AU - Hunzicker-Dunn, Mary

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N2 - Undifferentiated cells from preantral (PA) follicles respond to high levels of cAMP in a different manner than do differentiated cells from preovulatory (PO) follicles. We hypothesized that this differential response of PA and PO cells to cAMP could be due, in part, to either a difference in the profile of isoforms that comprise the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) holoenzymes and/or a difference in the interaction of PKA with A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs). To test these hypotheses, PKA activity, PKA holoenzymes, PKA subunits and AKAPs from PA and PO ovaries were compared. Soluble PKA holoenzymes and regulatory (R) subunits were separated by DEAE-cellulose chromatography and sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation. PKA R subunits were distinguished by photoaffinity labelling, autophosphorylation, size, isoelectric point and immunoreactivity. AKAPs were identified by RII subunit overlay assays and immunoreactivity. The results showed that extracts from PA and PO ovaries exhibited equivalent PKA holoenzyme profiles and activities, characterized by low levels of PKA type I (PKAI) holoenzyme and two distinct PKAII holoenzyme peaks, one containing only RIIβ subunits (PKAIIβ) and one containing both PKAIIβ and PKAIIα holoenzymes. Both PA and PO ovarian extracts also contained PKA catalytic (C)-subunit-free RIα, while only PO ovaries exhibited C-subunit-free RIIβ. Consistent with the elevated levels of C-subunit-free RIIβ in PO cells, PKA activation in PO cells required higher concentrations of forskolin than that in PA cells. While extracts of PA and PO ovaries exhibited a number of similar AKAPs, including four prominent ones reactive with anti-AKAP-KL antisera (where AKAP-KL is an AKAP especially abundant in kidney and liver), cAMP-agarose affinity chromatography revealed two major differences in AKAP binding to purified R subunits. PO ovaries contained increased levels of AKAP80 (AKAP of 80 kDa) bound selectively to R subunits in DEAE-cellulose peak 2 (comprising PKAIIβ and RIα, but not to R subunits in DEAE-cellulose peak 3 (comprising PKAIIα, PKAIIβ and RIIβ). PO ovaries also showed increased binding of R subunits to AKAPs reactive with anti-AKAP-KL antisera at 210, 175, 150 and 115 kDa. Thus in PO ovaries, unlike in PA ovaries, the majority of AKAPs are bound to R subunits. These results suggest that altered PKA-AKAP interactions may contribute to the distinct responses of PA and PO follicles to high levels of cAMP, and that higher cAMP levels are required to activate PKA in PO ovaries.

AB - Undifferentiated cells from preantral (PA) follicles respond to high levels of cAMP in a different manner than do differentiated cells from preovulatory (PO) follicles. We hypothesized that this differential response of PA and PO cells to cAMP could be due, in part, to either a difference in the profile of isoforms that comprise the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) holoenzymes and/or a difference in the interaction of PKA with A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs). To test these hypotheses, PKA activity, PKA holoenzymes, PKA subunits and AKAPs from PA and PO ovaries were compared. Soluble PKA holoenzymes and regulatory (R) subunits were separated by DEAE-cellulose chromatography and sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation. PKA R subunits were distinguished by photoaffinity labelling, autophosphorylation, size, isoelectric point and immunoreactivity. AKAPs were identified by RII subunit overlay assays and immunoreactivity. The results showed that extracts from PA and PO ovaries exhibited equivalent PKA holoenzyme profiles and activities, characterized by low levels of PKA type I (PKAI) holoenzyme and two distinct PKAII holoenzyme peaks, one containing only RIIβ subunits (PKAIIβ) and one containing both PKAIIβ and PKAIIα holoenzymes. Both PA and PO ovarian extracts also contained PKA catalytic (C)-subunit-free RIα, while only PO ovaries exhibited C-subunit-free RIIβ. Consistent with the elevated levels of C-subunit-free RIIβ in PO cells, PKA activation in PO cells required higher concentrations of forskolin than that in PA cells. While extracts of PA and PO ovaries exhibited a number of similar AKAPs, including four prominent ones reactive with anti-AKAP-KL antisera (where AKAP-KL is an AKAP especially abundant in kidney and liver), cAMP-agarose affinity chromatography revealed two major differences in AKAP binding to purified R subunits. PO ovaries contained increased levels of AKAP80 (AKAP of 80 kDa) bound selectively to R subunits in DEAE-cellulose peak 2 (comprising PKAIIβ and RIα, but not to R subunits in DEAE-cellulose peak 3 (comprising PKAIIα, PKAIIβ and RIIβ). PO ovaries also showed increased binding of R subunits to AKAPs reactive with anti-AKAP-KL antisera at 210, 175, 150 and 115 kDa. Thus in PO ovaries, unlike in PA ovaries, the majority of AKAPs are bound to R subunits. These results suggest that altered PKA-AKAP interactions may contribute to the distinct responses of PA and PO follicles to high levels of cAMP, and that higher cAMP levels are required to activate PKA in PO ovaries.

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