Dihydroxyoxocholestenoic acids are intermediates in bile acid biosynthesis. Here, using liquid chromatography – mass spectrometry, we confirm the identification of 7α,24-dihydroxy-3-oxocholest-4-en-26-oic and 7α,25-dihydroxy-3-oxocholest-4-en-26-oic acids in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) based on comparisons to authentic standards and of 7α,12α-dihydroxy-3-oxocholest-4-en-26-oic and 7α,x-dihydroxy-3-oxocholest-4-en-26-oic (where hydroxylation is likely on C-22 or C-23) based on exact mass measurement and multistage fragmentation. Surprisingly, patients suffering from the inborn error of metabolism cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, where the enzyme CYP27A1, which normally introduces the (25 R)26-carboxylic acid group to the sterol side-chain, is defective still synthesise 7α,24-dihydroxy-3-oxocholest-4-en-26-oic acid and also both 25 R- and 25 S-epimers of 7α,12α-dihydroxy-3-oxocholest-4-en-26-oic acid. We speculate that the enzymes CYP46A1 and CYP3A4 may have C-26 carboxylase activity to generate these acids. In patients suffering from hereditary spastic paraplegia type 5 the CSF concentrations of the 7α,24- and 7α,25-dihydroxy acids are reduced, suggesting an involvement of CYP7B1 in their biosynthesis in brain.
- Bile acid
- Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis
- Cytochrome P450
- Hereditary spastic paraplegia type 5
ASJC Scopus subject areas