Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: the future of treatment

C. Vaughan Tuohy, Sanjiv Kaul, Howard K. Song, Babak Nazer, Stephen B. Heitner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder most often caused by sarcomeric mutations resulting in left ventricular hypertrophy, fibrosis, hypercontractility, and reduced compliance. It is the most common inherited monogenic cardiac condition, affecting 0.2% of the population. Whereas currently available therapies for HCM have been effective in reducing morbidity, there remain important unmet needs in the treatment of both the obstructive and non-obstructive phenotypes. Novel pharmacotherapies directly target the molecular underpinnings of HCM, while innovative procedural techniques may soon offer minimally-invasive alternatives to current septal reduction therapy. With the advent of embryonic gene editing, there now exists the potential to correct underlying genetic mutations that may result in disease. This article details the recent developments in the treatment of HCM including pharmacotherapy, septal reduction procedures, mitral valve manipulation, and gene-based therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-240
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • CRISPR/Cas9
  • Genome editing
  • High-intensity focused ultrasound
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Mavacamten
  • MitraClip
  • Myectomy
  • Papillary muscle
  • Percutaneous mitral valve repair
  • Radiofrequency ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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