CTL, both CD4+ and CD8+, are essential in the eradication of intracellular pathogens. Data generated using murine T cells have suggested a critical role for CD95 (Fas, Apo-1) in CD4+ T cell-induced apoptosis of target cells. In contrast, CD8+ CTL predominantly use the perforin/granzyme lytic pathway. At present little is known about the mechanism of CD4+ CTL lytic function during intracellular infection in humans. We have used human CD4+ T cells specific for purified protein derivative (PPD) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to explore whether CD95 is the dominant cytolytic mechanism. PPD-reactive CD4+ clones efficiently lysed Ag-pulsed autologous monocytes, adherent macrophages, and EBV-transformed B cells. Addition of an antagonistic CD95 Ab had a minimal effect on cytolysis, whereas addition of MgEGTA to block perforin/granzyme resulted in complete inhibition of killing. In contrast, lysis of activated peripheral blood B cells could be partially blocked with the antagonistic CD95 Ab. Supporting these observations, monocytes, macrophages, and EBV-transformed B cells were not lysed by an agonistic CD95 Ab. Activated B cells were readily lysed by the agonistic CD95 Ab. T cell clones triggered through the TCR with anti-CD3 were capable of lysing the CD95-sensitive Jurkat T cell line in a CD95-dependent manner, but were also able to release granzymes. We conclude that human CD4+ T cells are capable of lysing PPD-pulsed targets using both perforin/granzyme and CD95 pathways. The contribution of CD95 is strictly dependent on target cell susceptibility to CD95-mediated killing.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy