Purpose: Defects in the antigen processing machinery (APM) may provide tumor cells with a mechanism to escape immune recognition. The purpose of this study is to determine the clinical significance of APM component down-regulation and tumor-inf irtratingTcells in ovarian carcinoma. Experimental Design: After institutional review board approval, tumor samples from 150 patients with invasive epithelial ovarian cancers were examined for TAP1,TAP2, tapasin, HLA class I heavy chain (HLA-HC), β2 microglobulin, and T-cell (CD3+ and CD8+) tumor infiltration using immunohistochemistry. Results: The majority of tumors had either heterogeneous or positive expression of TAP1,TAP2, HLA-HC, and β2 microglobulin (66.7%, 73.3%, 70.7%, and 63.3%, respectively), except tapasin for which 58% of the tumors lacked expression. Furthermore, 67% and 88% of the lesions possessed intratumoral and peritumoral CD3+ or CD8 + cells, respectively. The majority of APM component expression examined was significantly associated with both intratumoral and peritumoral T-cell infiltration (P < 0.05). The expression of APM components and the presence of intratumoral T-cell infiltrates were significantly associated with improved survival (all P ≤ 0.01); however, peritumoral T-cell infiltrates did not significantly affect survival (P = 0.33). APM component down-regulation (P < 0.001), lack of intratumoral T-cell infiltrates (P = 0.03), and suboptimal cytoreduction (P < 0.001) were independent prognostic markers for death from ovarian carcinoma. Conclusion: The negative effect of APM component down-regulation by itself and in combination with absent intratumoral T-cell infiltration on the survival of patients with ovarian carcinoma implies a role for immune escape in addition to immunosurveillance in the clinical course of disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research