Highly active antiretroviral therapy and increased use of contraceptives among HIV-positive women during expanding access to antiretroviral therapy in Mbarara, Uganda

Irene Andia, Angela Kaida, Marissa Maier, David Guzman, Nneka Emenyonu, Larry Pepper, David R. Bangsberg, Robert S. Hogg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. We investigated whether the prevalence of contraceptive use among women who are HIV positive varied according to use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Mbarara, Uganda. Methods. We used data from a cross-sectional survey of 484 women who were HIV positive (18-50 years) and were attending Mbarara University's HIV clinic, 45% of whom were receiving HAART. Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate the association between HAART use and contraceptive use. Data were collected between November 2005 and June 2006. Results. Overall, 45% of the women were sexually active in the previous 3 months. Of these, 85% reported using contraceptive methods, with 84% reporting use of barrier contraceptive methods. Women receiving HAART were more than twice as likely to use contraceptive methods (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=2.64; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.07, 6.49) and more than 3 times as likely to use barrier contraceptive methods (AOR=3.62; 95% CI=1.54, 8.55) than were women not receiving HAART. Conclusions. Our findings support the need for increased attention to better integration of reproductive health and HIV and AIDS services for women who are HIV positive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-347
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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