High prevalence rates of diabetes and hypertension among refugee psychiatric patients

John (Dave) Kinzie, Crystal Riley, Bentson McFarland, Margaret (Meg) Hayes, James Boehnlein, Paul Leung, Greg Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that immigrants and traumatized individuals have elevated prevalence of medical disease. This study focuses on 459 Vietnamese, Cambodian, Somali, and Bosnian refugee psychiatric patients to determine the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes. The prevalence of hypertension was 42% and of diabetes was 15.5%. This was significantly higher than the US norms, especially in the groups younger than 65. Diabetes and hypertension were higher in the high-trauma versus low-trauma groups. However, in the subsample with body mass index (BMI) measurements subjected to logistic regression, only BMI was related to diabetes, and BMI and age were related to hypertension. Immigrant status, presence of psychiatric disorder, history of psychological trauma, and obesity probably all contributed to the high prevalence rate. With 2.5 million refugees in the country, there is a strong public health concern for cardiovascular disease in this group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-112
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume196
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

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Refugees
Psychiatry
Hypertension
Body Mass Index
Wounds and Injuries
Cardiovascular Diseases
Public Health
Obesity
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Refugees
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

High prevalence rates of diabetes and hypertension among refugee psychiatric patients. / Kinzie, John (Dave); Riley, Crystal; McFarland, Bentson; Hayes, Margaret (Meg); Boehnlein, James; Leung, Paul; Adams, Greg.

In: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 196, No. 2, 02.2008, p. 108-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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