Health-related quality of life among older adults with and without functional limitations

William W. Thompson, Matthew M. Zack, Gloria L. Krahn, Elena Andresen, John P. Barile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We examined factors that influence health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among individuals aged 50 years and older with and without functional limitations. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to assess associations among demographic characteristics, health care access and utilization indicators, modifiable health behaviors, and HRQOL characterized by recent physically and mentally unhealthy days in those with and those without functional limitations. We defined functional limitations as activity limitations owing to physical, mental, or emotional health or as the need for special equipment because of health. Results: Age, medical care costs, leisure-time physical activity, and smoking were strongly associated with both physically and mentally unhealthy days among those with functional limitations. Among those without functional limitations, the direction of the effects was similar, but the size of the effects was substantially smaller. Conclusions: The availability of lower cost medical care, increasing leisuretime physical activity, and reducing rates of cigarette smoking will improve population HRQOL among older adults with and without functional limitations. These factors provide valuable information for determining future public health priorities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-502
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Quality of Life
Health Care Costs
Smoking
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Health Priorities
Leisure Activities
Health Behavior
Health
Public Health
Demography
Equipment and Supplies
Population
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Health-related quality of life among older adults with and without functional limitations. / Thompson, William W.; Zack, Matthew M.; Krahn, Gloria L.; Andresen, Elena; Barile, John P.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 102, No. 3, 03.2012, p. 496-502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thompson, William W. ; Zack, Matthew M. ; Krahn, Gloria L. ; Andresen, Elena ; Barile, John P. / Health-related quality of life among older adults with and without functional limitations. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2012 ; Vol. 102, No. 3. pp. 496-502.
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