Gait initiation is impaired in subjects with Parkinson's disease in the OFF state: Evidence from the analysis of the anticipatory postural adjustments through wearable inertial sensors

Gianluca Bonora, Martina Mancini, Ilaria Carpinella, Lorenzo Chiari, Fay B. Horak, Maurizio Ferrarin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

People with Parkinson's disease (PD) typically demonstrate impaired anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) that shift the body center of mass forward (imbalance) and over the stance leg (unloading) prior to gait initiation. APAs are known to be smallest when people with PD are in their OFF-medication state compared to ON-medication or healthy controls. The aim of this pilot study is to validate a previously developed method for the assessment of gait initiation on PD patients in OFF state with body-worn, inertial sensors. Ten subjects with mild-to-moderate idiopathic PD and twelve healthy controls of similar age performed three gait initiation trials. The spatio-temporal parameters of APAs were extracted from three wearable sensors, placed on the shins and on the lower back, and validated with two force plates. Temporal parameters extracted from sensors and force plates, as well as the trunk medio-lateral acceleration and the correspondent displacement of the center of pressure, were significantly correlated. Subjects with PD showed hypometric adjustments in the medio-lateral direction (p-value < 0.003) and increased duration of the unloading phase (p-value = 0.04). The unloading phase was significantly longer than the imbalance (p-value = 0.003) only in subjects with PD. The validity of the method of quantifying APAs from inertial sensors was confirmed in PD subjects by comparison with force plates. Sensitivity in discriminating PD patients from healthy controls was proven by both spatial and temporal parameters. Objective measures of gait initiation deficits with wearable technology provides valuable instrument for the assessment of gait initiation in clinical environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-221
Number of pages4
JournalGait and Posture
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • APA phases
  • Accelerometry
  • Force plate
  • Inertial sensors
  • Levodopa
  • Spatio-temporal parameters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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