Findings associated with knee pathology on MRI in patients without osteoarthritis

James D. Wylie, Christopher A. Makarewich, Zachary Working, Lance Jacobson, Robert L. Schmidt, Julia R. Crim, Robert T. Burks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: We conducted a retrospective study in patients with minimal or no radiographically evident knee osteoarthritis to determine whether presenting signs and symptoms were predictive of knee pathology that was evident on MRI and could be treated with nonarthroplasty knee surgery or could alter nonsurgical treatment. Methods: We reviewed records of patients for whom sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons had ordered an MRI of the knee. Univariate analysis identified factors that were associated with positive MRI findings (eg, surgically treatable lesion, meniscal tear) or a finding that could alter treatment. We used multivariate logistic regression to determine independent predictors of evidence of pathology on MRI. Results: Of the 434 patients in the study, 281 (64.7%) had evidence of knee pathology on MRI. Acute injury, effusion, and ligamentous instability were among the independent predictors of positive MRI results. Patients with evidence of knee pathology on MRI were more likely to have undergone surgery. Discussion: Specific aspects of patient history and physical examination are associated with evidence of knee pathology on MRI. Conclusions: In patients without osteoarthritis, positive findings on knee MRI could be associated with a number of presenting signs and symptoms, and this information could aid physicians in deciding which patients should undergo knee MRIs. Additional prospective research is needed to validate the relationships discovered in our study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)780-786
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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