Nephrogenic adenomas demonstrate a variety of morphologic patterns that may occasionally be confused with malignant processes, including urothelial and prostatic carcinoma. In this series, we describe 8 cases of nephrogenic adenoma that contain an admixture of the classic tubular form of nephrogenic adenoma and an unusual spindled and fibromyxoid form of nephrogenic adenoma that closely mimics infiltrating carcinoma. In all cases, the classic tubular form of nephrogenic adenoma composed only a small proportion of the lesion, whereas the remainder consisted of compressed spindled cells within a fibromyxoid background, with only rare tubular and cordlike structures. On close examination, minimal nuclear atypia was identified in 2 cases, which included small, pinpoint nucleoli, and nuclear pseudoinclusions. All 8 patients were elderly men who had a prior or concurrent history of acinar prostate cancer (n=4), combined acinar prostate and urothelial carcinoma (n=1), urothelial-type adenocarcinoma of the prostate (n=1), bladder urothelial carcinoma (n=1), or no prior reported prostatic or urothelial abnormalities (n=1). Five patients received prior treatment with radiotherapy, 1 patient received intravesical mitomycin-C, and 1 also received bacillus Calmette-Guerin. The epithelial component of the lesions was positive in all cases for pancytokeratin (AE1/3) and racemase and demonstrated a variable cuff of type IV collagen surrounding the tubules. PAX-2 was positive with variable extent of labeling. Immunostains for prostate-specific antigen were negative. Histochemical stains identified some of the background matrix as mucin, with intense staining for periodic acid-Schiff and focal staining for mucicarmine. Stains for reticulin and amyloid (Congo red stain) and immunohistochemistry for Tamm-Horsfall protein were negative. This case series is the first report of a fibromyxoid subtype of nephrogenic adenoma. Awareness of this entity and the use of ancillary techniques can aid in the diagnosis of this unusual form of nephrogenic adenoma.
- Prostate carcinoma
- Spindle cell
- Urothelial carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine