Fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 in human embryonic and early fetal development

Fabio Quondamatteo, Dieter P. Reinhardt, Noe L. Charbonneau, Gabriele Pophal, Lynn Y. Sakai, Rainer Herken

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61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The extracellular glycoproteins fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 are major components of connective tissue microfibrils. Mutations in the fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 genes are responsible for the phenotypical manifestations of Marfan syndrome and congenital contractural arachnodactyly respectively, which emphasizes their essential roles in developmental processes of various tissues. Consistent with this last notion, organ culture experiments have indirectly suggested morphogenic roles for fibrillins in lung and kidney development. In order to contribute to the understanding of the roles of fibrillins in developmental and morphogenetic events, we have investigated the distribution of fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 in human embryonic and early fetal tissues between the 5th and the 12th gestational week, i.e. at the beginning of organogenesis. Fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 were localized immunohistochemically using specific monoclonal antibodies, mAb 69 and mAb 48, respectively. Both fibrillins are widely distributed in various human anlagen, from early developmental stages. In most embryonic and early fetal human organs such as skin, lung, heart, aorta, central nervous system anlage, nerves, and ganglia, fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 follow the same temporo-spatial pattern of distribution. However, in other organs such as kidney, liver, rib anlagen, notochord fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 are distributed differentially. The present paper is focused on this aspect. These results suggest different roles for fibrillin-1 and -2 in the development of these structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-646
Number of pages10
JournalMatrix Biology
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

Keywords

  • Differential distribution
  • Fibrillin-1
  • Fibrillin-2
  • Human development
  • Organogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

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    Quondamatteo, F., Reinhardt, D. P., Charbonneau, N. L., Pophal, G., Sakai, L. Y., & Herken, R. (2002). Fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2 in human embryonic and early fetal development. Matrix Biology, 21(8), 637-646. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0945-053X(02)00100-2