Fc gamma receptor 3a genotype predicts overall survival in follicular lymphoma patients treated on SWOG trials with combined monoclonal antibody plus chemotherapy but not chemotherapy alone

Daniel O. Persky, David Dornan, Bryan H. Goldman, Rita M. Braziel, Richard I. Fisher, Michael LeBlanc, David G. Maloney, Oliver W. Press, Thomas P. Miller, Lisa M. Rimsza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Fc gamma receptor polymorphisms were linked to outcome in follicular lymphoma patients treated with single-agent rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody. In particular, 158F/F genotype of Fc gamma receptor 3A and 131R/R genotype of Fc gamma receptor 2A correlated with worse outcome compared to high-affinity 158V/V and 131H/H, respectively. We examined this association in the context of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody combined with chemotherapy, as compared to chemotherapy alone, in follicular lymphoma patients treated on SWOG clinical trials. Design and Methods Tissue from 142 SWOG patients treated with chemotherapy alone (protocol S8809, n=70) or combined chemotherapy and anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (rituximab and Iodine I-131 tositumomab on protocols S9800 and S9911, n=30 and 42, respectively) was analyzed. DNA was extracted and assayed for Fc gamma receptor 3A V158F and 2A R131H polymorphisms using a TaqMan SNP assay. Stratified Cox's regression was used to assess association with overall survival. Results For Fc gamma receptor 3A, there was an association with overall survival in the combination therapy trials but not in the chemotherapy-only trial. Having at least one Fc gamma receptor 3A V allele was associated with improved overall survival versus F/F (HR=0.33, 95% CI, 0.11, 0.96, P=0.042). For overall survival, there was evidence of a statistical interaction between the use of mAb and the number of V alleles (0, 1, or 2) (P=0.006). There was no such association for Fc gamma receptor 2A. Conclusions Fc gamma receptor 3A polymorphism status may be predictive of survival in follicular lymphoma patients receiving treatments containing an anti-CD20 antibody but not treatment with chemotherapy alone. Thus, Fc gamma receptor 3A polymorphisms may be important to consider in designing new follicular lymphoma trials and new anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-942
Number of pages6
JournalHaematologica
Volume97
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Combined monoclonal antibody
  • FCGR
  • Follicular lymphoma
  • SWOG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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