The Fanconi anemia (FA) complementation group C gene product (FANCC) functions to protect hematopoietic cells from cytotoxicity induced by interferon-α (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and doublestranded RNA (dsRNA). Because apoptotic responses of mutant FA-C cells involve activation of interferoninducible, dsRNA-dependent protein kinase PKR, we sought to identify FANCC-binding cofactors that may modulate PKR activation. We identified the molecular chaperone Hsp70 as an interacting partner of FANCC in lymphoblasts and HeLa cells using 'pull-down' and co-immunoprecipitation experiments. In vitro binding assays showed that the association of FANCC and Hsp70 involves the ATPase domain of Hsp70 and the central 320 residues of FANCC, and that both Hsp40 and ATP/ADP are required. In whole cells, Hsp70-FANCC binding and protection from IFN-γ/TNF-α-induced cytotoxicity were blocked by alanine mutations located in a conserved motif within the Hsp70-interacting domain of FANCC. We therefore conclude that FANCC acts in concert with Hsp70 to prevent apoptosis in hematopoietic cells exposed to IFN-γ and TNF-α.
- Fanconi anemia
- Hsp70/IFN-γ and TNFα cytotoxicity
- Protective function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology