Expression of VPAC2 receptor and PAC1 receptor splice variants in the trigeminal ganglion of the adult rat

Priya Chaudhary, Thomas K. Baumann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

PACAP and VIP are members of the VIP/secretin/glucagon family of peptides with neurotransmitter, neuroprotective, and neurotrophic functions. PACAP and VIP are known to be upregulated in primary sensory neurons following nerve injury, implying that these neuropeptides could be mediators of sensory transmission in neuropathic pain states. Nerve injury at the level of the trigeminal root is thought to be the prime cause of trigeminal neuralgia. Since cross-excitation (a chemically-mediated form of nonsynaptic transmission) within the TG is postulated to play a central role in trigeminal neuralgia, we studied the expression of PACAP and VIP receptors in the TG by RT PCR and immunocytochemistry. Of the three known receptors (PAC1, VPAC1 and VPAC2), RT PCR revealed the presence of mRNA for VPAC2 and several splice variants of the PAC1 receptor. Immunocytochemistry showed PAC1 and VPAC2 to be present in small-diameter TG neurons. Thus, PACAP and VIP are potential mediators of cross-excitation in the TG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalBrain research. Molecular brain research
Volume104
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • PACAP
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • VIP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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