Expanding capd in low-resource settings: A distance learning approach

Robert Rope, Nishantha Nanayakkara, Abdul Wazil, Sewmini Dickowita, Rajitha Abeyeskera, Lishanthe Gunerathne, Dinuka Adoosoriya, Nishamani Karunasena, Chrarake Rathnayake, Shuchi Anand, Anjali Saxena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: Despite growing need, treatment for end-stage renal disease is limited in low-and middle-income countries due to resource restraints. We describe the development of an educational curriculum and quality improvement program to support continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) performed primarily by non-nephrology providers in Sri Lanka. ♦ Methods: We developed a program of education, outcome tracking, and expert consultation to support providers in Kandy, Sri Lanka. Education included videos and in-person didactics covering core topics in CAPD. Event-tracking sheets recorded root causes and management of infections and hospitalizations. Conferences reviewed clinical cases and overall clinic management. We evaluated the patient census, peritonitis rates, and root causes and management of infections over 1 year. ♦ Results: The curriculum was published through the International Society of Nephrology online academy. High provider turnover limited curriculum assessments. The CAPD patient census rose from 63 to 116 during the year. The peritonitis rate declined significantly, from 0.8 episodes per patient-year in the first 6 months to 0.4 in the latter 6 months, though the most common root causes of peritonitis, related to contamination events and hygiene, persisted. The appropriate ascertainment of culture data and prescription of antibiotics also increased. ♦ Conclusions: Our project supported the expansion of a CAPD program in a resource-limited setting, while also improving peritonitis outcomes. Ongoing challenges include ensuring a durable educational system for rotating providers, tracking outcomes beyond peritonitis, and formalizing management protocols. Our program can serve as an example of how established dialysis programs can support the burgeoning work of providers in resource-limited setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-348
Number of pages6
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic kidney disease of unknown origin
  • Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • Low-and middle-income countries
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Peritonitis
  • Quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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