Several new approaches have given fresh insight into the mechanism and control of exocytosis. Electrophysiological and morphological studies show that many or all of the intramembrane particles at presynaptic active zones are voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. The sensitivity and time resolution of voltammetry allow the time course with which a single vesicle releases transmitter to be studied. Membrane proteins of the cell surface and synaptic vesicles have been shown to interact, and may join to form the fusion-pore complex.
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