Evidence-based medicine, the essential role of systematic reviews, and the need for automated text mining tools

Aaron Cohen, Clive E. Adams, John M. Davis, Clement Yu, Philip S. Yu, Weiyi Meng, Lorna Duggan, Marian McDonagh, Neil R. Smalheiser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High quality, cost-effective medical care requires consideration of the best available, most appropriate evidence in the care of each patient, a practice known as Evidence-based Medicine (EBM). EBM is dependent upon the wide availability and coverage of accurate, objective syntheses called evidence reports (also called systematic reviews). These are compiled by a time and resource-intensive process that is largely manual, and that has not taken advantage of many of the advances in information processing technologies that have assisted other textual domains. We propose a specific text-mining based pipeline to support the creation and updating of evidence reports that provides support for the literature collection, collation, and triage steps of the systematic review process. The pipeline includes a metasearch engine that covers both bibliographic databases and selected "grey" literature; a module that classifies articles according to study type; a module for grouping studies that are closely related (e.g. that derive from the same underlying clinical trial or same study cohort); and an automated system that ranks publications according to the likelihood that they will meet inclusion criteria for the report. The proposed pipeline will also enable groups performing systematic review to reuse tools and models created by other groups, and will provide a test-bed for further informatics research to develop improved tools in the future. Ultimately, this should increase the rate that high-quality systematic reviews and meta-analyses can be generated, accessed and utilized by clinicians, patients, care-givers, and policymakers, resulting in better and more cost-effective care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIHI'10 - Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium
Pages376-380
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Event1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium, IHI'10 - Arlington, VA, United States
Duration: Nov 11 2010Nov 12 2010

Other

Other1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium, IHI'10
CountryUnited States
CityArlington, VA
Period11/11/1011/12/10

Fingerprint

Data Mining
Evidence-Based Medicine
Patient Care
Bibliographic Databases
Informatics
Triage
Automatic Data Processing
Health Care Costs
Caregivers
Publications
Meta-Analysis
Cohort Studies
Clinical Trials
Technology
Costs and Cost Analysis
Research

Keywords

  • evidence-based medicine
  • information storage and retrieval
  • text-mining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

Cite this

Cohen, A., Adams, C. E., Davis, J. M., Yu, C., Yu, P. S., Meng, W., ... Smalheiser, N. R. (2010). Evidence-based medicine, the essential role of systematic reviews, and the need for automated text mining tools. In IHI'10 - Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium (pp. 376-380) https://doi.org/10.1145/1882992.1883046

Evidence-based medicine, the essential role of systematic reviews, and the need for automated text mining tools. / Cohen, Aaron; Adams, Clive E.; Davis, John M.; Yu, Clement; Yu, Philip S.; Meng, Weiyi; Duggan, Lorna; McDonagh, Marian; Smalheiser, Neil R.

IHI'10 - Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium. 2010. p. 376-380.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Cohen, A, Adams, CE, Davis, JM, Yu, C, Yu, PS, Meng, W, Duggan, L, McDonagh, M & Smalheiser, NR 2010, Evidence-based medicine, the essential role of systematic reviews, and the need for automated text mining tools. in IHI'10 - Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium. pp. 376-380, 1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium, IHI'10, Arlington, VA, United States, 11/11/10. https://doi.org/10.1145/1882992.1883046
Cohen A, Adams CE, Davis JM, Yu C, Yu PS, Meng W et al. Evidence-based medicine, the essential role of systematic reviews, and the need for automated text mining tools. In IHI'10 - Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium. 2010. p. 376-380 https://doi.org/10.1145/1882992.1883046
Cohen, Aaron ; Adams, Clive E. ; Davis, John M. ; Yu, Clement ; Yu, Philip S. ; Meng, Weiyi ; Duggan, Lorna ; McDonagh, Marian ; Smalheiser, Neil R. / Evidence-based medicine, the essential role of systematic reviews, and the need for automated text mining tools. IHI'10 - Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Health Informatics Symposium. 2010. pp. 376-380
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