Ethnic differences in uterine corpus cancer incidence and mortality in New Mexico's American Indians, Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites

Melissa Schiff, Charles R. Key, Frank D. Gilliland, Thomas M. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Although ethnic and racial differences in uterine corpus cancer incidence and mortality have been reported worldwide, few published data have addressed the epidemiology of uterine cancer among US American Indians and Hispanics. Methods. We reviewed uterine corpus cancer incidence and survival data from New Mexico's population-based cancer registry collected from 1969 to 1992, and examined State vital records data for uterine cancer deaths collected from 1958 to 1992, focusing on ethnic differences in occurrence and outcomes of uterine malignancies. Results. Non-Hispanic white women had age-adjusted incidence rates that were substantially higher (20.8 per 100,000) than rates for Hispanics (10.3) and American Indians (6.0) over the 24-year period. Uterine cancer mortality rates were also higher for non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics than for American Indian women, although mortality rates were substantially lower than incidence rates. Five-year survival for uterine cancer was comparable among all groups for all stages combined (87.3% for non-Hispanic whites, 81.4% for Hispanics, and 84.6% for American Indians). Conclusions. Our population-based data show ethnic differences in uterine corpus cancer incidence rates for non-Hispanic white women that were double those for Hispanics, and triple those for American Indian women. Ethnic differences in survival were comparable. Aetiologic studies are warranted to investigate the dramatic ethnic differences in occurrence of uterine cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-255
Number of pages7
JournalInternational journal of epidemiology
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1997

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural comparison
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Indians
  • Neoplasms
  • North American
  • Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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