Ethanol-induced expression of c-Fos differentiates the FAST and SLOW selected lines of mice

Kristin Demarest, Barbara Hitzemann, Tamara Phillips, Robert Hitzemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of ethanol on the number of Fos-like immunoreactive (Fos-li) neurons was previously studied in the C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) inbred mouse strains (Hitzemann and Hitzemann, 1997). Data obtained suggested that the locomotor activation response to ethanol found in the D2 but not the B6 strain was associated with an increase in the number of Fos-li neurons (a putative measure of synaptic activity) in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA), but not in other brain regions, including the basal ganglia. Supporting results were obtained in B6D2 F2 intercross animals (Demarest et al., 1998) those animals exhibiting a marked locomotor activation response to ethanol also showed a significant increase in the number of Fos-li neurons in the CeA. The current study extends this line of investigation to the FAST and SLOW selected lines of mice (Shen et al., 1995). Twenty-eight SLOW and FAST mice (taken evenly from both replicate lines) were randomly assigned to receive either saline or ethanol (1.5 g/kg). One hour later, the animals were sacrificed, and the number of Fos-li neurons were determined using standard immunocytochemical techniques. Both the FAST and SLOW lines showed a marked increase (>300%) in the number of Fos-li neurons in the lateral aspect of the CeA; however, in the capsular division, only the FAST line showed an increase (>500%). In several brain regions, the basal (saline) response was markedly higher in the SLOW line; these regions included the subthalamic nucleus, the entopeduncular nucleus, the substantia nigra compacta, and the ventral tegmental area. Furthermore, it was found that ethanol decreased the number of Fos-li neurons in the ventral tegmental area of the SLOW but not FAST mice. These data suggest a substantial involvement of the basal ganglia in the segregation of the FAST and SLOW lines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-95
Number of pages9
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1999

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Basal ganglia
  • Central nucleus
  • Ethanol
  • c-Fos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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