Estrogen alters trkA and p75 neurotrophin receptor expression within sympathetic neurons

Wohaib Hasan, H. Jesse Smith, Alison Ting, Peter G. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Survival and growth of sympathetic neurons is regulated by nerve growth factor acting through trkA and p75NTR receptors. Sympathetic neurons are also affected by gonadal steroid hormones, particularly estrogen. To determine if estrogen may influence sympathetic neurons via altered neurotrophin receptor expression, we investigated effects of acute or chronic estrogen administration on levels of trkA and p75NTR proteins, numbers of immunoreactive neurons, and numbers of neurons expressing trkA, p75 NTR, and estrogen receptor-α transcripts. Superior cervical ganglia from ovariectomized or estradiol-treated rats were processed for in situ hybridization or immunohistochemistry, and percentages of stained neurons quantitated or processed for Western blot analysis. In ovariectomized rats, approximately 50% of sympathetic neurons expressed trkA mRNA and protein. Acute estrogen administration did not affect trkA transcript expression, but reduced trkA protein significantly. Chronic treatment did not alter neuronal trkA expression. Approximately 70% of sympathetic neurons in ovariectomized rats expressed p75NTR transcripts and about 50% showed p75NTR immunoreactivity. Acute estrogen did not affect p75NTR expression. However, chronic estrogen reduced p75NTR mRNA and protein expression significantly. Fifty to sixty percent of sympathetic neurons in ovariectomized rats displayed estrogen receptor-α mRNA. After acute estrogen administration, estrogen receptor-α transcript expression increased by 35%, although this was not maintained chronically. These findings indicate that estrogen can influence sympathetic neuronal neurotrophin receptor expression as well as estrogen receptor-α. Reduced trkA expression after acute estrogen may transiently predispose neurons to degenerative events, while diminished p75NTR expression by chronic estrogen administration may exert long-term effects on survival or axonal outgrowth in sympathetic neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-204
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neurobiology
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nerve Growth Factor Receptor
Estrogens
Neurons
Estrogen Receptors
Nerve Growth Factor Receptors
Messenger RNA
Proteins
trkA Receptor
Superior Cervical Ganglion
Gonadal Steroid Hormones
Nerve Growth Factor
In Situ Hybridization
Estradiol
Western Blotting
Immunohistochemistry

Keywords

  • Estrogen
  • Estrogen receptor-α
  • p75
  • Sympathetic neurons
  • trkA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Estrogen alters trkA and p75 neurotrophin receptor expression within sympathetic neurons. / Hasan, Wohaib; Smith, H. Jesse; Ting, Alison; Smith, Peter G.

In: Journal of Neurobiology, Vol. 65, No. 2, 11.2005, p. 192-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hasan, Wohaib ; Smith, H. Jesse ; Ting, Alison ; Smith, Peter G. / Estrogen alters trkA and p75 neurotrophin receptor expression within sympathetic neurons. In: Journal of Neurobiology. 2005 ; Vol. 65, No. 2. pp. 192-204.
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