Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural Haitian men

Robert F. Downey, Donna Hammar, Kathleen A. Jobe, Terri A. Schmidt, Lori Van Slyke, Yassi Yassemi, Dana Zive

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The study attempts to determine the prevalence of organisms associated with urethritis in men in rural southwestern Haiti and to determine the association with demographic, clinical and laboratory variables. A standardised verbal interview was conducted; genital examinations were done; urethral swabs were collected for nucleic acid amplification testing, and first void urine was obtained for urinalysis. The mean participant age was 54; 88.8% lived in a rural area. Swabs were positive for Trichomonas vaginalis in 13.7% (28/205), Mycoplasma genitalium in 6.3% (13/205), Chlamydia trachomatis in 4.4% (9/205) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in 0% (0/205). Subjects who never reported using condoms were nearly 3.5 times more likely to have any positive swab result (OR: 3.46, 95% CI 1.31–9.14). Subjects who reported their partners had other sexual partners or were unsure were more than three times likely to have any positive swab result (OR: 3.44, 95% CI 1.33–8.92). Infections with Trichomonas vaginalis and Mycoplasma genitalium were the most common.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)710-715
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 4 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Haiti
  • Mycoplasma genitalium
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • Sexually transmitted infection
  • Trichomonas vaginalis
  • diagnosis
  • leukocyte esterase test
  • men
  • prevalence
  • screening
  • treatment
  • trichomoniasis
  • urethritis
  • urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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