Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural Haitian men

Robert F. Downey, Donna Hammar, Kathleen A. Jobe, Terri Schmidt, Lori Van Slyke, Yassi Yassemi, Dana Zive

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The study attempts to determine the prevalence of organisms associated with urethritis in men in rural southwestern Haiti and to determine the association with demographic, clinical and laboratory variables. A standardised verbal interview was conducted; genital examinations were done; urethral swabs were collected for nucleic acid amplification testing, and first void urine was obtained for urinalysis. The mean participant age was 54; 88.8% lived in a rural area. Swabs were positive for Trichomonas vaginalis in 13.7% (28/205), Mycoplasma genitalium in 6.3% (13/205), Chlamydia trachomatis in 4.4% (9/205) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in 0% (0/205). Subjects who never reported using condoms were nearly 3.5 times more likely to have any positive swab result (OR: 3.46, 95% CI 1.31–9.14). Subjects who reported their partners had other sexual partners or were unsure were more than three times likely to have any positive swab result (OR: 3.44, 95% CI 1.33–8.92). Infections with Trichomonas vaginalis and Mycoplasma genitalium were the most common.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)710-715
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 4 2015

Fingerprint

Mycoplasma genitalium
Trichomonas vaginalis
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Epidemiology
Haiti
Urethritis
Urinalysis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Sexual Partners
Chlamydia trachomatis
Condoms
Nucleic Acids
Demography
Urine
Interviews
Infection

Keywords

  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • diagnosis
  • Haiti
  • leukocyte esterase test
  • men
  • Mycoplasma genitalium
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • prevalence
  • screening
  • Sexually transmitted infection
  • treatment
  • Trichomonas vaginalis
  • trichomoniasis
  • urethritis
  • urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Downey, R. F., Hammar, D., Jobe, K. A., Schmidt, T., Slyke, L. V., Yassemi, Y., & Zive, D. (2015). Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural Haitian men. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 26(10), 710-715. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956462414551236

Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural Haitian men. / Downey, Robert F.; Hammar, Donna; Jobe, Kathleen A.; Schmidt, Terri; Slyke, Lori Van; Yassemi, Yassi; Zive, Dana.

In: International Journal of STD and AIDS, Vol. 26, No. 10, 04.09.2015, p. 710-715.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Downey, RF, Hammar, D, Jobe, KA, Schmidt, T, Slyke, LV, Yassemi, Y & Zive, D 2015, 'Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural Haitian men', International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 710-715. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956462414551236
Downey RF, Hammar D, Jobe KA, Schmidt T, Slyke LV, Yassemi Y et al. Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural Haitian men. International Journal of STD and AIDS. 2015 Sep 4;26(10):710-715. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956462414551236
Downey, Robert F. ; Hammar, Donna ; Jobe, Kathleen A. ; Schmidt, Terri ; Slyke, Lori Van ; Yassemi, Yassi ; Zive, Dana. / Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural Haitian men. In: International Journal of STD and AIDS. 2015 ; Vol. 26, No. 10. pp. 710-715.
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