Electron Beam Irradiated Corneal Versus Gamma-Irradiated Scleral Patch Graft Erosion Rates in Glaucoma Drainage Device Surgery

Ross M. Passo, Zachary B. Hoskins, Khoa D. Tran, Corrina Patzer, Lorna (Beth) Edmunds, John Morrison, Mansi Parikh, Hana Takusagawa, Shandiz Tehrani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction: Patch graft erosion and implant exposure is a known complication of glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery. Recently, electron beam (e-beam) irradiated corneal tissue has become available; however, limited data exist on the rates of erosion for e-beam irradiated corneal grafts compared to traditional scleral grafts after GDD surgery. Methods: This retrospective study examines the records of 253 eyes from 225 adult subjects who underwent GDD surgery with either e-beam irradiated corneal or scleral grafts at the Casey Eye Institute by five surgeons between April 22, 2014 and October 11, 2017. Surgical procedures and the occurrence of graft erosion were determined using billing codes and verified by manual review of electronic health records. Results: The average age at the time of surgery was 61.3 ± 17.5 years (n = 200) and 60.8 ± 16.8 years (n = 53) for the e-beam irradiated cornea and sclera groups, respectively. The average follow-up time post-surgery was 416 ± 345 days and 495 ± 343 days for the e-beam irradiated cornea and sclera groups, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in sex, age, follow-up time, and glaucoma diagnosis between the groups; however, the e-beam irradiated cornea group was statistically more likely to have an Ahmed implant as compared to the sclera group. No erosion events were noted in either group. Conclusion: e-Beam irradiated corneal grafts were used 3.8 times more frequently relative to scleral grafts, yet there were no cases of graft erosion in either group during the follow-up period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-426
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmology and Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019



  • Corneal patch graft
  • Glaucoma drainage device (GDD)
  • Graft erosion
  • Scleral patch graft
  • Tube exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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