Efferent neural pathways for the control of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis and shivering

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fundamental central neural circuits for thermoregulation orchestrate behavioral and autonomic repertoires that maintain body core temperature during thermal challenges that arise from either the ambient or the internal environment. This review summarizes our understanding of the neural pathways within the fundamental thermoregulatory reflex circuitry that comprise the efferent (i.e., beyond thermosensory) control of brown adipose tissue (BAT) and shivering thermogenesis: the motor neuron systems consisting of the BAT sympathetic preganglionic neurons and BAT sympathetic ganglion cells, and the alpha- and gamma-motoneurons; the premotor neurons in the region of the rostral raphe pallidus, and the thermogenesis-promoting neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus/dorsal hypothalamic area. Also included are inputs to, and neurochemical modulators of, these efferent neuronal populations that could influence their activity during thermoregulatory responses. Signals of metabolic status can be particularly significant for the energy-hungry thermoeffectors for heat production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages281-303
Number of pages23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume156
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

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Keywords

  • autonomic nervous system
  • dorsomedial hypothalamus
  • fever
  • raphe pallidus
  • sympathetic nerve activity
  • thermoregulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Morrison, S. (2018). Efferent neural pathways for the control of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis and shivering. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology (pp. 281-303). (Handbook of Clinical Neurology; Vol. 156). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63912-7.00017-5