Effect of Peripheral Vestibular Disorders on Head-Trunk Coordination during Postural Sway in Humans

Charlotte L. Shupert, Fay Bahling Horak, F. Owen Black

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The experiments in this study were performed to analyze how head motion is controlled during postural sway in two groups of patients with vestibular disorders and in normal subjects. The subjects were tested in conditions that resulted in postural sway primarily about the ankles, with little motion of the trunk, and in conditions that led to large motions of the body about the hips, with substantial motion of the trunk. The results have shown that the head and trunk movements are uncoordinated in normal subjects and patients with severe bilateral deficits. The results also indicated that when postural sway results in large movements of the trunk, the head movements of the normal subjects are controlled in a way that provides a stable platform for the vestibular and visual systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199847198
ISBN (Print)9780195068207
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 22 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bilateral deficits
  • Head-trunk coordination
  • Peripheral vestibular disorders
  • Postural sway
  • Visual systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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