Effect of layering methods, composite type, and flowable liner on the polymerization shrinkage stress of light cured composites

Youngchul Kwon, Jack Ferracane, In Bog Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations


Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of layering methods, flowable composite liner and use of low shrinkage silorane-based composite on the polymerization shrinkage stress of light cured composites. Methods: Aluminum blocks were used to prepare MOD cavities and divided into four groups. A universal hybrid methacrylate-based composite (Z250), a flowable composite (Z350 flowable), and a silorane-based composite (P90) were used to fill the cavities. Cavities were restored using four different filling protocols. Group 1 was filled in bulk with Z250, group 2 was restored by an increment technique with the same composite, group 3 by an increment technique with Z250 and a Z350 flowable lining, and group 4 was restored by an increment technique with P90. The axial shrinkage strain and flexural modulus of the three composites were determined, and cuspal deflection of each group was measured with LVDT probes and compared among groups using ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test (α = 0.05). Results: The axial shrinkage strains of P90, Z250, and Z350 flowable were 1.09 (0.11), 2.29 (0.06), and 4.12 (0.08)%, respectively. The flexural modulus of P90 was 10.1 (0.9), Z250 was 13.6 (2.0), and that of Z350 flowable was 7.6 (0.9) GPa. The cuspal deflections at 33 min in groups 1-4 were 18.2 (1.54), 14.5 (0.47), 16.2 (1.10), and 6.6 (0.44) μm, respectively. The incremental filling technique yielded significantly lower cuspal deflection than the bulk filling technique. Flowable composite lining under universal composite (Z250) layering showed higher cuspal deflection than that without flowable composite lining. Silorane-based (P90) composite exhibited lower cuspal deflection than metacrylate based (Z250) composite. Significance: Cuspal deflection resulting from polymerization shrinkage stress may be reduced by an incremental filling technique and by the use of low shrinking composite to obtain optimal clinical outcomes. Flowable composite lining under conventional composite layering did not reduce polymerization shrinkage stress as assessed by cuspal deflection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-809
Number of pages9
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2012


  • Cuspal deflection
  • Flowable composite lining
  • Incremental filling
  • Polymerization shrinkage stress
  • Silorane composite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of layering methods, composite type, and flowable liner on the polymerization shrinkage stress of light cured composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this