Effect of beam profiles from different light emission tip types of multiwave light-emitting diodes on the curing profile of resin-based composites

Dayane Carvalho Ramos Salles De Oliveira, Mateus Garcia Rocha, Américo Bortolazzo Correr, Jack Liborio Ferracane, Mario Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Light activation is an important clinical step for achieving success in restorative procedures. This study evaluated the influence of beam profile from different light emission tip types of multiwave light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on the curing profile of resin-based composites. Experimental composites were produced containing either camphorquinone (CQ) or diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phos-phine oxide (TPO) as a photoinitiator. Multiwave LEDs with either a bundle light guide tip (Bluephase G2, Ivoclar Vivadent) or a microlens tip (VALO Cordless, Ultradent) were characterized using a beam profiler. Block-shaped samples (53533 mm depth) of the two composites were cured in a custom-designed mold with the multiwave LEDs positioned to compare the regions exposed to the 420-495 nm (blue) and 380-420 nm (violet) emittances. To map the curing profile, the degree of conversion (DC) of longitudinal thin cross sections from each block was evaluated using transmission FT-NIR. Radiant exposure transmitted through the composites during curing was evaluated at different thicknesses. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey test (a=0.05; "b=0.2). The results indicated that there were differences in the beam profile and the overall radiant exposures transmitted through the composites using each multiwave LED (p,0.01, df=1 F=73.18). However, there were no differences in the curing profiles provided by the two multiwave LEDs (p=0.89, df=12 F=0.52), and similar effects were found according to the different LED emittance regions (p=0.09, df=5, F=2.11). When considering up to 1 mm in depth, no differences in the DC were found between the composites containing either photoinitiators. Starting at 2 mm in depth, the composite containing TPO showed a decrease in DC in the 420-495 nm emittance region, while the composite containing CQ showed a similar decrease in cure efficiency only at 3-mm depth under both 380-420 nm and 420-495 nm emittance regions. Thus, despite the fact that the nonuniform light beam emitted from the two multiwave LEDs was visually distinctly different when delivering 24 J/cm2, this difference did not seem to affect the curing profile of the composites. However, light transmission within 380-420 nm seems to be reduced with depth, directly affecting the curing profile of composites containing a photoinitiator with absorbance falling within this emission range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-378
Number of pages14
JournalOperative dentistry
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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